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Art of paper marbling (ebru) is one of the traditional book art and it existed as an auxiliary element of the art of calligraphy and book binding for many centuries. They were used in order to embellish inner sides of book covers, their leaves or sides of calligraphy plates as borders. Sometimes panels consisting of matching paper marbles were created. Having list its function for a very long time, the art of paper marbles has now appeared and is drawing interest with a new way of use. Exhibitions of marbled papers which are placed on mats and framed similar to pictures, have been opened in recent years, similar to those abstract paintings.

 The word ‘ebru’ originally drives from Persian. The word ‘ebr’, which means cloud or cloudlike, changed in time and first became ‘ebri’, and then ‘ebru’. Semseddin Sami. In his grand Turkish dictionary titled “Kamus’u Turki”, says that ‘ebry’ was originated from the word “ebre’ (yoke face, fur cover in Changatai language. It is defined as wavy vascular cloth with moires and colored paper for covering booklets and notebooks.

Ersoy, A. (2008). Traditional Turkish Arts. Ankara: Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2008.


 From a book published in Scotland in 1842.

 Encyclopædia Britannica 7th edition